Hidden beneath the permafrost lurks a killer, and as our climate warms, this invisible killer will re-emerge from its once frozen prison and devastate humankind just as it did thousands of years ago.
Anthrax, one of natures most harmful organisms, emerged from its frozen state beneath the permafrost of Siberia back in 2016 on the Siberian Yamal Peninsula. It was not alone lurking with it were many other deadly parasitic organisms just biding their time waiting to infect all that comes into contact with it.
Scientists all concur that the organism had laid dormant for thousands of years just like the Silene stenophylla plant thought to be extinct found within an old squirrel burrow in the same area. This plant, after spending at least 30 thousand years sprang into life as soon as it felt the first rays of sunlight which had melted the surrounding permafrost.
Should we be concerned? Anthrax alone is terrifying as can be seen by our lead picture, and Globally will infect approximately 2,000 people every year. However, what interests most scientists is what else is hidden away beneath the frozen tundras of the world?
The real answer to the above is simple, we just don’t know. However, we do know that with continued Global Warming caused by Climate Change that the inhabitants of the earth may be on the verge of a pandemic, the world has never witnessed before. Furthermore, it is very doubtful if we will have a vaccine capable of dealing with a disease which scientists did not even know existed.
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Global Warming in the twenty-first century will cause more natural disasters than in previous centuries, and if you require any further prove it is staring at us right between our eyes. Virtually all countries in the world, both developed and undeveloped have recorded flash floods in the past decade. $billions worth of property have been destroyed due to floods in just the past few years, and scientists are warning us to expect more of it. Not only floods but devastating heat waves, storms and massive climatic changes which will cause our deserts to grow due to desert encroachment, our sea levels will rise, and climatic migration will become the norm of the day.
Global Warming, according to the Collins English Dictionary, is the gradual rise in the average temperature of the earth surface. It is a result of harmful chemicals known as greenhouse gases such as carbon (IV) oxide, water vapour, ozone, methane, and nitrous oxide released into the environment through human activities such as pollution from car exhaust, burning of fossils fuel in industrial plants and deforestation e.t.c. These chemicals in the atmosphere combine to radiate solar energy in all directions on the earth surface, hence increasing the earth temperature in a process called the greenhouse effect. Global warming has been in existence for centuries, but its results are more visible in the present century because of an increase in industrial activities.
During the 18th century, the effects of global warming were minimal, but the phenomenon experienced a sudden rise between 1880 and 2012 increasing the temperature of the earth by approximately 1.1 degree Celsius, and it is expected to multiply by four by the dawn of next century. Apart from the increase in temperature, the effects of global warming include increased precipitation, extinction of some plants and animals, a shift in agricultural cultivation pattern, and rising sea level. In all results, rising sea level is more visible, chronic, and rampant all across the globe because about 71% of the earth's surface is water.
Rising sea level is a phenomenon which describes the increase in the height of water in natural water bodies. The condition gets worst and more alarming when sea banks can no longer hold the tides of the ocean, causing localised flooding of neighbouring habitats. This situation became more noticeable at the start of the 20th century which received a gradual rise of approximately 16cm to 21cm which is far higher than what has been recorded in the past centuries, and according to an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC), our seas will rise by approximately 90cm by the end of this century.
The above is just a short description of what Global Warming due to Climate change is.
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Causes and Effects of Climate Change
Global Warming caused by Climate Change is probably one of the most contentious subjects ever discussed by humankind.
So what does Climate Change encompass? In a nutshell, Climate Change includes not only rising temperatures but also extreme weather and rising sea levels which is left unchecked cause the displacement of our wildlife and human inhabitants.
We do know that Global Warming is taking place! Glaziers are melting, forests are dying, and our wildlife is scrambling to keep pace with the everchanging world.
Yes we do have many deniers, and they are correct to want further information, but bottom line Greenhouse gases are now higher than they have been for over 800,000 years, and they will continue to rise if humankind continues to add these gases to our atmosphere.
In ending this short narrative, Climate Change can result in cooler temperatures for the short term, hence why there are so many deniers, but the long term effects of Global Warming are here with us to stay, some form of Climate Change Action plan is required without it the future of our once pristine planet is quite dim.
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About the author; Steve Simmonds has been a longtime supporter and advocate of a climate change action plan and has spent many years touring the world to see global warming at its worst. Most of his writings you can get by visiting his open academia website at www.globalwarming.media/Global Warming Media.
The effects of human-created impacts are Known to be immense, but
there is lots of things people can do to help prevent climate change.
However, scientists say that for serious change to happen, everyone on the planet must try to help.
if the change is to work. Furthermore, much of it will be lead by governments and industries.
The earth will lose 1.79 million square kilometers of land mass by the end of this century, displacing a minimum of 200 million people if the predictions of scientists are correct. Locations most likely to feel the full brunt of this up and coming catastrophe are said to be London, New York and Shanghai. Furthermore, inhabitants living in major agricultural areas, including the Nile Delta and Bangladesh will find it hard to exist.
This new advisory comes after researchers realized that if emissions continue on their current trend, the earth’s temperature will rise by 5C by the end of the century, more than predicted at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change back in 2013.
To see the effect this is already having on within the Ice sheets of Greenland I have added a video from NASA Below
Much has been said of Global Warming and Climate Change over the years, but still many people including myself found it hard in the past to justify the continued debate on a subject which is probably one of if not most debated topics on our planet.
So just what is Global Warming? For a better understanding of the issue, we turn to NASA, who for the past fifty years have been tracking and exploring the effects of Global Warming. Their findings should leave us in no doubt that yes Global Warming caused by rapid Climate Change is both with us and is indeed happening all around us.
Definition of Global Warming as per NASA’s indicators
“Global warming is the long-term heating of Earth’s climate system observed since the pre-industrial period (between 1850 and 1900) due to human activities, primarily fossil fuel burning, which increases heat-trapping greenhouse gas levels in Earth’s atmosphere. The term is frequently used interchangeably with the term climate change, though the latter refers to both human- and naturally produced warming and the effects it has on our planet. It is most commonly measured as the average increase in Earth’s global surface temperature”.
“Since the pre-industrial period, human activities are estimated to have increased Earth’s global average temperature by about 1 degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit), a number that is currently increasing by 0.2 degrees Celsius (0.36 degrees Fahrenheit) per decade. Most of the current warming trend is extremely likely (greater than 95 percent probability) the result of human activity since the 1950s and is proceeding at an unprecedented rate over decades to millennia”.
The above information is taken in its entirety from the NASA public portal, and you can read the full article by following this link: https://climate.nasa.gov/resources/about-global-warming/
Once again I have not added to any of these findings they are as written within the NASA Portal. Further reading can be found at the following NASA Links
My thanks go to NASA for generating all information within this explanatory article
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Credits and Sources; NASA https://climate.nasa.gov/resources/about-global-warming/